Mikumi National Park

Area: 3,230 km²

Mikumi National Park abuts the northern border of Africa's biggest game reserve, Selous National Park. It is the most accessible part of a 47,000 square mile tract of wilderness that stretches east almost as far as the Indian Ocean. With open horizons and abundant wildlife, Mikumi draws frequent comparisons to the more famouse Serengeti Plains. Lions survey their grassy kingdom. Zebras, wildebeest, impala and buffalo herds migrate across it. Giraffes forage in the isolated acacia stands that fringe the Mkata River. The Mkata Floodplain is perhaps the most reliable place in Tanzania for sightings of the powerful eland, the world's largest antelope. You may also spot the equally impressive greater kudu and sable antelope. More than 400 bird species have been recorded, such as the lilac breasted roller, the yellow-throated longclaw, and bateleur eagle. Hippos are the star attraction of a pair of pools north of the main entrance. 

Trees and other plants distinguish Mikumi. Marula trees (Mng'ongo in Swahilli) are common. This tree occurs in deciduous, wooded grassland from south Africa to Ethiopia and the fruit is used to make the Amarula wild fruit cream drink that is indigenous to Africa.

Elephants regard the Marula as a delicacy, vigorously shaking the tree to dislodge the fruit. Tamarind with its many medicinal uses, grotesque but distinctive baobabs, sausage, cassia, black thorn and African blackwood trees exist in Mikumi as do a profusion of flowers.

Flora / Fauna

floodplain, grassland, wooded savanna, miombo covered hills.

Habitat

Eland, Greater kudu, Yellow Baboon, Vervet Monkey, Serval, sable antelope, hippopotamus, zebra, lion, wildebeest, impala, buffalo, giraffe, elephant; Lilac-breasted roller, Yellow-throated longclaw, Bateleur Eagle, waterbirds, more than 400 bird species.

Visit Tanzaniaparks.com to read more about this park