Mt. Kilimanjaro National Park


Area: 641 square miles

Snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, just south of the Equator, is the highest point of Africa and one of the highest free-standing mountains in the world, rising to 5,895 metres above sea level. Beneath its ice dome, snow extends down long gullies that have been eroded in the mountain sides. Kilimanjaro's summit crater, known as Kibo, measures 1.5 miles across. Nestled in the center of Kibo is a smaller crater.

Best months for climbing:

January, February, March, June, July, August, December

What to do:

  • Trek to the summit
  • Nature trails on the lower reaches
  • Visit the beautiful Chala crater lake on the eastern slopes
Flora / Fauna

The mountain is rich in flora and fauna. You get to see various climatic conditions, starting from the bushland on the bottom of the mountain to the arctic ice region on top of the mountain. You have tropical rain forests, evergreen forests, moorlands, and alpine desert regions in between. It is something like walking from the equator to the arctic pole in a matter of days. 


Although there is not a lot of wildlife on the mountain, you might see wild buffaloes, elephants, and leopards. Animals are more numerous down in the forest zone than anywhere else on the mountain. Possible sightings include: blue monkey, olive baboon, civet, mongoose, honey badger, aardvark, and bush babies. Kilimanjaro is great for birdlife. The cultivated fields on the lower slopes provide plenty of food, the forest zone provides shelter and nesting sites, while the barren upper slopes are ideal hunting grounds for raptors.

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